Now because the AE composition was created using Adobe’s Dynamic Link, when you switch back to After Effects and make changes the changes will automatically update in Premiere Pro. Although the link updates without saving in After Effects, it’s always good to remember to save.Now, let’s say you walk away for the day and close your projects down. The next time you sit down to edit how do you continue working with Dynamic Link? Easy…in Premiere Pro right-click on the Dynamic Link project and select “Edit in Original”.This will open the After Effects project and you can continue working. Again, your changes will automatically be updating in Premiere Pro.Much like Apple’s round-tripping feature from Motion to Final Cut Pro, Adobe’s Dynamic Link makes it easy to integrate (and modify) graphics in your video editing projects. Use Dynamic Link to make your Premiere to After Effects workflow more efficient! Streamline your post production workflow with Dynamic Link. Discover how to edit in Premiere Pro and seamlessly link to new and existing After Effects projects.The days of exporting movie files back and forth from Premiere Pro to After Effects are over. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to work smarter (not harder!) by taking advantage of Adobe’s Dynamic Link tool. Now you can seamlessly move back and forth between Premiere and AE without all the hassles. A major timesaver for creating support graphics for your video projects!Integrate After Effects Projects in Premiere ProIn this example, we’ll be creating titles in After Effects that we want to integrate into a Premiere Pro project. Dynamic Link makes it possible to quickly bring in an After Effects composition into Premiere, as well as update changes made in AE to show up in Premiere throughout the editing process (very useful if you need to make changes to titles, fonts, etc). Let’s take a closer look…In Premiere Pro select File > Dynamic Link > Create New After Effects Composition.A “New After Effects Comp” dialog box opens with matching settings. Click OK, as you want the settings to match between Premiere Pro & After Effects (very important!)After Effects opens with a “Save As” dialog. Name your project here. Name it something specific. As a general rule save it with your Premiere Pro projects for better organization.You now have an open After Effects Composition (equivalent to a Sequence in Premiere Pro).Create your titles or lower thirds in After Effects and then use Command + Tab (Mac) or Alt + Tab (PC) to switch back to Premiere Pro (more on this great shortcut here).The Dynamic Link Composition appears in your Premiere Pro project. Drag it to your Sequence on a track above your video.
LensDistortions.com offers two similar products, one in 2K and the other in 4K. Although you may not yet be working in 4K, the added pixels allow you to zoom in and pan/scan the effect on top of 2K and lesser resolution without any distortion. Each pack includes 30 After Effects templates (compatible with CS3-CS6).Not working in After Effects? You can simply utilize the ProRes footage that comes with each pack for a effect in any non-linear video editing system (FCPX, Premiere Pro, Avid).Product available as an instant download:Purchase the 2K Collection for $49 or the high resolution 4K Collection for $79This is a super clean product that can really give your project a pop of organic distress. Many thanks to LensDistortions.com for the awesome giveaway! A newcomer to the video effects market is making a splash with quality Lens Distortion effects packs. Win your own copy of this stylish effects collection!Made by shooting through shards of glass and crystal, these classy effects from LensDistortions.com will give any video project a super stylized look. Win 1 of 2 copies of the 4K Lens Distortion Collection – a $79 value!UPDATE: THE CONTEST HAS NOW ENDED. Thanks to all who entered.Please follow us on Twitter and Facebook for info on future giveaways! See the Lens Distortion effects in action in this demo video:
Cranking the green and dropping the red and blue brings the background way up for a super bloomy look: Cranking up the red channel and dropping the other two brightens up the skintones, increases contrast, and even brings down the exposure on that sign in the background: Much moodier now that the mysterious man’s face is in shadow. If you raise the blue and drop the green, it does a great job of darkening the background between the two men and removing some of that distraction: One example where using the channel mixer in After Effects is particularly useful is with close-up shots of talent. Notice how with the default black-and-white the lips don’t really have tonal definition.By lowering the red and blue channels and raising the green, the contrast in the skintones is raised and you start to see good definition, especially with the lips:The channel mixer in After Effects is a great tool for better flexibility with your black-and-white looks. Get finer control over skintones through the red channel and the ability to re-light shots. Use the channel mixer to create great monochromatic looks that are much more dynamic than a plain desaturation!When working on a black and white color grade in your video editing projects, typically the only tools people reach for are desaturation and contrast. However, there’s a better way to get your black and white look, and to have a lot more flexibility in the final outcome.In this post we’ll share how to use the monochrome channel mixer in Adobe After Effects to give your video a custom black and white treatment.The channel mixer is an effect that mixes the amount of red, green, and blue in each individual RGB channel. It can be a little hard to work with in color, but there’s a “monochrome” checkbox at the bottom, and the black and white controls are a lot easier to use. When you’re in monochrome mode, only the red channel controls work, but you can control the brightness of each channel. With this you can basically re-light the shot. It’s easier to see with an example, so we’ll work with this shot:Here’s the basic black and white look; not bad, but a little bland: Here’s a look at what we can do with a little channel tweaking. Since most of the color in our skin is in the red channel, look what happens when we lower that channel, then raise the others to compensate for exposure:
Everything you need to check when location scouting is on this easy-to-use free location fact sheet.Finding the perfect location is hard, especially on an indie film budget. Unlike the big boys in Hollywood, indie filmmakers aren’t afforded the luxury of shooting on a backlot or soundstage. In fact, we’re often forced to shoot in locations that were never meant to be used for a film. With this comes a whole slew of problems that must be addressed: noise, awkward lighting, pedestrian traffic, etc.So instead of settling for a bad location, it’s best advised to visit as many potential locations as you can and analyze them based on their cinematic potential. To assist you with this process, use the following free location fact sheet. It will help organize all of your location information in one convenient place.What is a location fact sheet?A location fact sheet is a simple form that can be used to describe the shooting environment to all the relevant crew members. A location fact sheet coupled with on-location photography is also a great way to build up your own personal database of potential shooting locations for current or future films. The form has fields for sound, lighting, electricity and other various location-related details filmmakers need to know.When is a location fact sheet used?A location fact sheet is used anytime you want to save important location information for later. Typically, a location scout will use a location fact sheet when scouting out potential locations. The location fact sheet helps to serve as a checklist when looking at a potential location. It’s often easy to forget details like available wall plugs and the parking situation, but such details can end up being huge issues if overlooked during the scouting process.How is a location fact sheet used?A location fact sheet is very simple and straightforward. Just fill out the appropriate fields with the corresponding information. It’s usually helpful to know as much about what the script demands as possible.The form also has room for extra notes that are important to share with other crew members. After the location scout visits a location, they will share the location fact sheet with the producers and director to help figure out the best location for the film.You can download the free location fact sheet by clicking the text below. There are two templates included in the download: One to fill out by hand and another to fill out on a computer. You can use Preview on a Mac or Adobe Acrobat on a PC to edit the computer template.DOWNLOAD FREE LOCATION FACT SHEET HEREWant to learn more about securing an awesome location? Check out a few of the following posts: 5 Tips For Getting Great Film/Video Locations For Free8 Tips for Getting Good Shots in a Bad Location5 Tips for Finding a Great Film LocationHave any tips for finding a perfect location? Share your experiences with us in the comments below.
Over five years since its release, is Final Cut Pro X finally more of a viable video editing option?Top image via AppleI, like many of you, switched to Premiere at the release of FCPX. I had been using Final Cut for a few years at that point. Then FCPX came around and had too many quirks and missing features. I tried it out for a month or so but I, like many others, abandoned ship and went to Premiere.Then, within this last year, it seems like Apple has brought FCPX back from the dead, especially with the latest 10.3 release. I’ve casually spent the last few months reading a lot of articles and seeing videos of the improvements. Through all of this, I’ve been considering hopping back on the FCP bandwagon.Image via AppleYou can read a fantastic article about all of the latest updates here. I’ll walk you through a few of my main points and reasons for considering a switch.The ReviewsImage via AppleI’ve read multiple articles and watched a lot videos within the last year of editors who are praising FCPX. One of those articles is a feature on Apple’s website about the film Focus and how it was edited using FCPX. This was the first article and “review” I read that really started to jump out at me. If a major Hollywood film was cut using FCPX, then it will definitely work for my needs. Regarding the NLE, writer/director Glenn Ficarra said:I’ve cut on all the other systems and I can easily say I’m three times faster on Final Cut Pro X.The PerformanceOne reoccurring theme I see in all of these articles is the fact that FCPX is simply faster than any other editor on the Mac. They attribute this speed to the fact that the hardware and software are built to speak to each other extremely well. This, in return, makes the NLE faster and much more efficient. For example, the video above (via Jonathan Morrison) details the speed at which FCPX can export. The video showcases a four-minute 4K video exported from a MacBook vs. a four-minute 4K video exported from Premiere on a specced-out PC.The Latest UpdateImage via AppleIn a recent Huffington Post article, pro editor Thomas Grove Carter from London’s Trim Editing weighed in on the new MacBook Pro and the FCPX combination. Here’s what he had to say:First off, It’s really fast. I’ve been using the MacBook Pro with the new version of FCP X and cutting 5k ProRes material all week, it’s buttery smooth. No matter what you think the specs say, the fact is the software and hardware are so well integrated it tears strips off “superior spec’d” Windows counterparts in the real world. This has always been true of Macs. If you’re running software with old code which doesn’t utilize the hardware well, you’re not going to get great performance (as pointed out here). I understand people need to use programs from other developers, but at some point they need to play catch up. Otherwise it’s akin to asking for a more powerful engine because you like to buy tire-less wheels for your car. For all the kinds of work I do it’s been excellent.Making the SwitchSimply put, FCPX sounds like it is simply just faster than its competitors. For me, it’s starting to sound like if you’re editing on a Mac, cutting on FCPX is an obvious choice for efficiency. When editing, I like to be able to do so quickly and smoothly. Although, switching back will involve a learning curve, it seems like it will save time in the long run.Take your time, do your research. I think it’s time I give FCPX another chance. I’ll be posting my review about switching in the coming months.What are your thoughts on this matter? Did you leave FCPX or did you stick with it? Share your experiences in the comments below.
Trying to jump into the 4K world without the 4K Budget? These five cameras will get you started without breaking the bank.Top Image via Shutterstock.4K footage opens up a whole new world when it comes to editing. It allows you to record full 4K for a 4K monitor, or it gives you a wide cropping range if you are editing in 1080p. In my opinion, 4K is the most useful when editing for a 1080p video. With 4K, you can change a wide shot into a medium shot, a two shot into a close up, or even use it for digital zooms without losing HD quality.With these reasonably priced cameras, 4K shooting and editing can become part of your workflow without taking too much out of your savings.(With a basic search, I was able to find these models at the listed prices from a number of different outlets. Do your research before you buy.)LUMIX G85 4KThe Lumix G85 is a mirrorless 4/3rd-sized DSLR from Panasonic’s G series. This camera features the ability to record 4K footage in both 24 and 30 fps, along with a splash-proof and dust-proof exterior to keep your camera safe while recording in rugged locations. An impressive attribute of this camera is its “post focus” mode, which allows you to take a one-second video that takes stills at 30 focus points in 4K — which you can adjust in post. The 16-megapixel sensor is not the best, but it still records quality 4K video for a fair price.Price: $999.99 including a 12-60mm lens.Sony A6300The Sony Alpha series includes some of the best cameras in the industry, such as the A7 or A7s. The A6300 is a bit lower on the scale, but it still records stunning footage with its 24.2MP sensor. The alpha series cameras are also famous for their fantastic low-light abilities, and this camera is no exception with an ISO range of up to 51200. Pairing this camera with a quality lens will be sure to bring you a 4K setup that will last you for years.Price: $898.00, body only. GoPro HERO6 BlackThe GoPro HERO6 Black is a camera with some impressive features for its low price. It boasts 4K with up to 60fps, which is perfect for creating marvelous slow motion videos without any of the choppiness that you would get from 24fps footage. The HERO6 also includes hands-free voice control, so you can start recording without pressing a button. Unfortunately, you aren’t going to be able to record any cinematic, shallow-depth-of-field shots on this camera, but it is a great companion for recording hard-to-get shots in extreme situations while maintaining 4K quality.Price: $499.99Panasonic Lumix G7The Lumix G7 is the predecessor to the G85 mentioned earlier, and while it’s an older model, this thing still holds its own against its modern competitors. Like the G85, it also has 24 and 30fps 4K recording, and a 16mp sensor. With a price under $600, the G7 is the best bang for your buck for the thriftiest 4K camera.Price: $597.99, including a 14-42mm lens.Olympus E-M10 Mark IIIWith the look of an old-school film camera, the EM-10 Mark III is a huge breakthrough for Olympus in the modern camera market. With a 16MP sensor and a tilting touch screen LCD display, this camera is a great, brand new 4K camera at a very affordable price.Price: $649.99, body onlyLooking for more resources on cameras or advice on camera accessories? Check out these articles:Gear and Accessories You Need for Travel Video and PhotographyWhat You Should Buy After You’ve Purchased a CameraLone Operator? Make Your Next Purchase a Motorized Slider
During the last two weeks of the year, are you at work, not working? Here’s how to prepare to hit the ground running in 2016.
Economies grow and shrink over time. None goes straight up without retracing some of the ground already covered. Two negative quarters qualifies as a recession and, from time to time, this is what happens. Given a long enough timeline, there will be a recession. Below are a few things you can do to prepare.Mindset: You Are a Sales OrganizationThe most debilitating mindset for a company is to believe that they are something other than a sales organization. Peter Drucker said that a business exists to create a customer, leaving little else to say. That means customer acquisition is paramount.Maybe you believe you are a manufacturer. Perhaps you think you are a service organization. It could be that you feel you are in the business of doing whatever it is that you do that creates value for others. The truth of the matter is that you are a sales organization that happens to be a manufacturer, or a service provider, or whatever it is you do.Believing that selling is necessary but not why your business exists will not serve you well in a downturn.Skill Sets: Opportunity Creation and Opportunity CaptureSelling is made up of two primary outcomes: opportunity creation and opportunity capture. There is never a time where any business should not be laser-focused on opportunity creation. But leading up to an expected downturn, one should be devoting an out-sized effort towards creating many new opportunities (even though I would argue you should create the maximum number of opportunities possible, rain or shine).In a downturn, initiatives get pushed. Priorities change. Leaders hesitate to make decisions. You need more opportunities than you believe you need, and without a focus on opportunity creation, there can be no opportunity capture.Leadership: Set the Tempo and Maintain a Culture of AccountabilityThe leader sets the pace. The speed of the team is the speed of the leader. Tempo and velocity are critical. You want to compress time, pulling results towards you.Too many companies struggle with accountability now, and deciding to impose accountability during a downturn—when things are tougher than usual—isn’t the right time to start an accountability initiative. It’s reactionary and event-driven, and it can cause people to believe that “this will pass.” A culture of accountability is an advantage in a downturn.Territory and account plans, pipeline meetings, opportunity reviews, and cadence and tempo will sustain you and provide an advantage in a downturn, and you should build these accountabilities before you wish you’d have put them in place.If you are going to be recession-proof, you have to start now (if not sooner). Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now
Aiming to corner the Yogi Adityanath government as well as the Centre on farmers’ issues and the problem of unemployment, the Congress will begin a “haq mango abhiyan” (fight-for-right) yatra across Uttar Pradesh from June 15, 2017.The march, which will cover all the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh, will start from Aligarh.The party has coined slogans like “na karzmafi, na rozgar ka mauka, prachand bahumat, phir bhi prachand dhokha” (no loan waiver, no jobs; a massive betrayal after a massive mandate), for the yatra.The march will be led by state Congress chief Raj Babbar and other senior leaders will be joining it in the later phases, party general secretary and spokesman Dwijendra Tripathi told PTI today.According to sources, Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi too might join the yatra in the later phases as he is abroad presently to meet his grandmother.“The yatra is being taken out at the behest of the party vice president in order to highlight the plight of farmers and the youth and how they have been hoodwinked by this government which had promised loan waiver and jobs,” Mr. Tripathi said.Farmers today are forced to commit suicides and the youth have to migrate to other areas as the promises made to the BJP have remained unfulfilled, he said.Against the promise of two crore jobs annually, a mere 1.35 lakh have been provided in the three years of the Modi government, Mr. Tripathi said.“At this rate, it will take 500 years to remove unemployment and many generations will go jobless in the process,” he said.The Congress vice president has always been at the forefront in highlighting the problems of farmers. He had also made an attempt to go to Mandsaur to express solidarity with them but the powers at the helm did not like it, Mr. Tripathi said.“Farmers today are on a warpath not only in Madhya Pradesh but also in Baghpat (western UP), Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh and we are a national party and it is our duty to stand with them in their fight for their rights,” he said.During the yatra, party leaders and workers will interact with the locals, hold panchayats and public meetings to get to know about their problems and tell them that the Congress was with them, he said.In the first phase, the state president will personally visit 17 districts to highlight the plight of the farmers, youth and the unkept promises of the BJP government.Raj Babbar had earlier sent a letter to all district chiefs of the party asking them to establish contact with farmers in their area and hold protests to raise their issues in a “Gandhian” manner.In the letter, he alleged that due to the state government’s “insensitive approach”, farmers have to face cane-charge or firing during their protests.“You should also get in touch with farmers’ organisations in your respective districts so that we can unitedly raise their problems and start a movement,” Mr. Babbar had said in the letter expressing hope that the party’s district units would provide momentum to the campaign.
The Crime Branch (CB) on Saturday said it was on the strength of opinion furnished by medical experts that “it has been confirmed that the Kathua victim was subjected to sexual assault by the accused”.“The medical expert has also opined that hymen of the victim was not found intact,” said a CB spokesman.Section addedHe said, on the basis of the medical opinion, Section 376 (D) IPC (where a woman is raped by one or more persons constituting a group or acting in furtherance of a common intention) was added in the case.“The medical opinion has established beyond doubt that the victim was held in captivity and administered sedatives and the cause of death was asphyxia leading to cardio-pulmonary arrest,” he added.The Crime Branch said that it “was in the process of submitting supplementary charge sheet”.
A 70-year-old man died on Tuesday after a wall of a washroom collapsed in the second class passengers’ waiting room at platform number 1 at Patna railway station.The man, Veer Bahadur Singh, was a resident of Vishunpur area of Mahnar in neighbouring Vaishali district. He was to catch a train from Patna to Kolkata. A train ticket of the Howrah-Patna Janshatabdi express had been found in his pocket.He was sitting inside the waiting room before going to the washroom. The wall of one side of the toilet fell on him and he later succumbed to his injuries. Some other passengers too are believed to have been injured. However, rail authorities have not yet confirmed them.There was renovation work going on inside the toilet, said railway authorities. Railway employees at the Patna platform said tile work was under construction on the wall of the toilet.“Officials have reached the spot and it is being looked in to how the wall fell down and whose fault this was. Let more details come and then we’ll be able to say more on it”, said a senior railway official at the Patna junction.
The Punjab police on Tuesday detained a few persons for questioning in the case of a grenade attack on a religious congregation at Adliwal near Amritsar, which claimed three lives. The police are yet to arrest the assailants who carried out Sunday’s attack that they said appeared to be an act of terror by separatist forces, organised with the involvement of the ISI-backed Khalistani or Kashmiri terror groups.Inspector-General Police, Border Range (Amritsar), S.P.S. Parmar told The Hindu that the police had detained a few people for an hour or two for questioning. “We are examining shady characters. Some people have been detained for an hour or two and then let off. The preliminary investigation is going on, and suspicious people are being rounded up and questioned.” The Dal Khalsa, a radical outfit, alleged that several Sikh activists were summoned by the police, without the legal procedureshaving been followed. “The police came to the houses of Sikh activists Paramjit Singh Mand and Gurjant Singh in the early hours of Tuesday… and asked them to appear before it. While Mr. Mand was not at home, Mr. Gurjant Singh was taken into custody,” Dal Khalsa spokesperson Kanwar Pal Singh said. Dal Khalsa chief Harpal Singh Cheema said the police and investigating agencies should probe this attack without prejudice. “Until the identity of the attackers is not ascertained, the motive will remain dubious,” he said, urging that leaders of all parties refrain from accusations.Punjab Assembly Speaker Rana K.P. Singh appealed to all parties to let the investigating agencies do their job. “It is a serious matter, and any attempt to make political capital out of it will prove disastrous for the State,” he said.
Two workers of the Aam Aadmi Party and one of the Indian National Students’ Organisation were on Saturday arrested by the police in Haryana for allegedly spreading ‘fake news’ about Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar.Haryana Director General of Police B.S. Sandhu said three persons, one each in Gurugram, Hansi and Sirsa, were arrested on Saturday for posting the fake news about Mr. Khattar on social media platforms.Newspaper clippingThe accused had allegedly shared a fake newspaper clipping in which Mr. Khattar was quoted as saying he was the Chief Minister of Punjabis alone and had nothing to do with other castes.Sanjeev Jakhar, a member of the Jannayak Janata Party students’ wing INSO, was arrested by the Gurugram police under Section 153 (wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot), 153A (promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion and race etc.) of the Indian Penal Code and Section 66 (computer-related offences) of the Information Technology Act, a police statement said. The action was taken on the basis of a complaint by the “state IT Head BJP, Haryana”, according to the statement.Social media headsIn addition, an Aam Aadmi Party worker, Harpal Kranti, was arrested in Hansi on similar charges. Mr. Kranti is the Hisar Lok Sabha constituency social media head of the party. Another AAP worker, Tarsem, the party’s Kalanwali Assembly constituency social media head, was arrested in Sirsa, the police said. The AAP hit back at the BJP government of Haryana with party national convener Arvind Kejriwal claiming at the meeting of AAP’s national council here that “about 35-40” party workers had been arrested.“Khattar sahab himself went to Karnal during recent municipal elections and said ‘I’m a Punjabi, Punjabis should vote for me’, but then our people get arrested,” said Mr. Kejriwal.Speaking to reporters outside the national council meeting, AAP Haryana convener Naveen Jaihind said the police had arrested the AAP workers overnight.“They [police] asked them [the accused] why they posted this on Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp… BJP is the mastermind of fake news,” he said.
A day after being named as a recipient of the Padma Shri, noted English writer Gita Mehta has declined the award on Saturday citing that “the timing of the award might be misconstrued.”The Union government announced the Padma Awards, one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, on Friday, ahead of the 70th Republic Day. Ms. Mehta, the sister of Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, was among the 94 Padma Shri awardees. She was selected for her contribution in the field of literature. Ms. Mehta issued a press statement from New York on Saturday. “I am deeply honoured that the Government of India should think me worthy of a Padma Shri but with great regret I feel I must decline as there is a general election looming and the timing of the award might be misconstrued, causing embarrassment both to the Government and myself, which I would much regret,” the statement read. Ms. Mehta has authored several books in English including, Karma Cola, Raj, A River Sutra, Snakes and Ladders: Glimpses of Modern India, and Eternal Ganesha : From Birth to Rebirth. She has also produced and directed as many as 14 television documentaries. There were speculations in 2017 that the Biju Janata Dal would send Ms. Mehta to the Rajya Sabha. However, Mr. Patnaik dismissed them as rumours and the party blamed the BJP for spreading such false news. The rumor about Ms. Mehta picked up when BJD MP Baijayant Panda indicated her entry into Odisha politics in a newspaper article. Without mentioning Ms. Mehta’s name, Mr. Panda in a message for the Chief Minister said “Your (Patnaik’s) father always stood against promoting family politics. We hope you (Naveen) would also uphold the same principle.” Mr. Panda was later suspended from the party, and he subsequently resigned from the BJD.
The Uttar Pradesh government informed the Supreme Court on Thursday that it has filed a fresh status report on investigation in the Hapur lynching case, in which one person had lost his life last year. Filing of responseA Bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi said that a copy of the status report be provided to the counsel appearing for the petitioners and they can file a response to it within a week. Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, appearing for the State, handed over a copy of the status report to advocate Vrinda Grover, who was representing the petitioners, in the court. “Copy of the status report filed in the court has been furnished to Vrinda Grover, counsel for the petitioners. She may file her response to the same within a week. List the matter on May 9,” said the Bench, also comprising Justices Deepak Gupta and Sanjiv Khanna. The court had on April 8 asked the State government to file a status report of the investigation in the case in which a person was killed and another brutally assaulted in the name of cow vigilantism in June last year. Probe supervisionThe apex court on September 5 last year directed the Inspector General of Police (IGP) of Meerut range to supervise the investigation in the Hapur lynching case. The State government had earlier told the court that it has transferred the SHO concerned and filed appeals seeking cancellation of bail granted to the accused in the case. The court had earlier termed the allegations of survivor Samiuddin as “serious”. It had directed the IGP to “facilitate the recording” of victim’s statement before a judicial magistrate regarding the incident in which 45-year-old Qasim Qureishi was beaten to death on June 18. The plea filed by Samiuddin had sought setting up of a Special Investigation Team to ensure “an impartial, competent and fair investigation” into the incident.
More than 4 years after the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded and unleashed a torrent of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, only a trickle of funding for repair of ecological damage has been spent. At an oversight hearing today by a U.S. Senate subcommittee, senators voiced their impatience with an interagency council in charge of a lot of the money. “You all have had 2 years,” Senator Bill Nelson (D–FL) told three members of the council who testified. “It’s time to get moving.” Council members blamed the delay on a Catch-22: States don’t have the money to plan how to spend restoration funds.There are three main pools of money intended to help the Gulf of Mexico recover, not just from the 2010 oil spill but also from long-standing deterioration. The first comes from the Natural Resource Damage Assessment, a process run by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and other agencies, which has already provided a $600 million down payment for restoration projects from future fines against the energy company BP, which had the drilling permit. More money is coming from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. It is spending a $2.5 billion Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund set up in a plea agreement with BP and Transocean, which owned the drill platform. The third pot will come from the federal trial against BP, which is still ongoing, and Transocean, which already settled, for violating the Clean Water Act. BP’s fine, to be determined in the penalty phase of the trial, which starts in January, could be as much as $20 billion. Under a 2012 law called the RESTORE Act, 80% of the total fines would be spent in the Gulf. Because Transocean settled its case for $1 billion, the fund already has $800 million. But little of it has been spent.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The RESTORE Act created the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council to review proposals and hand out 30% of funds stipulated in the federal court’s decision. Another 35% will be divided equally among the five affected states. States will also have access to another 30% based on how severely they were impacted. The final 5% will go to science, including centers of excellence and long-term research and monitoring.Last year the council—made of up five Gulf states and six federal agencies—released an overall plan for how the money would be spent. Then it had to determine a selection process for grants. “This has taken more time than the council members anticipated,” Justin Ehrenwerth, executive director of the council, told the subcommittee. He says the council had to deal with uncertainty about when and how much money would be available. On 25 July, the council issued proposed rules for grant selection and said it would begin accepting proposals from state and federal agencies next month. The council hopes to have a list of proposed projects available for public comment in 2015.“We wish we could move faster,” said council member Trudy Fisher, executive director of the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, at the hearing. “It is time to quit talking and start funding.” She and other council members blamed a lack of money for the delay. “We have been handed an oyster, but we have no shucking knife—the planning dollars,” added Grover Robinson, who leads the Florida Gulf Coast Consortium, which is creating the state’s spending plan. Senator Mary Landrieu (D–LA) emphasized that Louisiana isn’t holding things up; it has had a long-standing plan for investing in restoration activities.Senator Marco Rubio (R–FL) welcomed the council’s proposed rules, but said they lacked enough detail to be implemented. Senator David Vitter (R–LA) said he hoped that the scope of proposed projects wouldn’t be limited by the funding now available. “We don’t want that to turn into ultrasmall projects,” he said. “They should contribute to large-scale gulf restoration.”
ARPA-E, the U.S. government agency for funding innovative energy technologies, is preparing to launch a program to support alternative approaches to fusion energy that have the potential to steal a march on existing mainstream projects. The news will come as a relief to some fusion researchers at government labs, who had their funding cut completely in this fiscal year because of the ballooning cost of the U.S. contribution to the international ITER fusion reactor project in France. And it will offer an opportunity to a small number of privately funded fusion efforts that are proposing alternatives to traditional tokamaks and laser fusion approaches.On 11 August, ARPA-E gave advanced warning of the new funding stream, called Accelerating Low-cost Plasma Heating and Assembly (ALPHA), so that researchers would have time to form into teams to bid for funding. The funding opportunity will be formally announced later this month or in September. Programs at ARPA-E, a part of the Department of Energy (DOE), typically have budgets of about $30 million and award 3-year grants of roughly $3 million each.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Creating a fusion reaction that can produce energy requires taking an ionized gas, or plasma, and heating it, compressing it, or both until it reaches hundreds of millions of degrees—much hotter than the core of the sun. Different types of reactors take different approaches: Tokamaks aim for low plasma densities but long confinement time; laser fusion opts for extremely high density but only for billionths of a second.ALPHA will seek to explore the largely untested middle ground—moderate density for pulses measured in millionths or thousands of a second. It will also focus separately on “targets”—ways of getting the plasma into a stable, contained state—and “drivers”—the systems for delivering energy into the plasma to raise its temperature and density.DOE previously funded such approaches through a program called High Energy Density Plasma (HEDP). It supported experiments in compressing plasma with electrical pulses, magnetic fields, lasers, and high explosives at national laboratories, including the Sandia and Los Alamos labs in New Mexico, and the Lawrence Livermore lab in California. But the ever increasing cost of building components for ITER has put a squeeze on such approaches as the DOE fusion budget has remained flat. HEDP was zeroed out of the budget altogether in the 2014 fiscal year, which began this past 1 October.ARPA-E first expressed its interest in fusion in October 2013 when it organized a workshop on drivers for economical fusion technologies. ARPA-E staff visited many of the national labs to see HEDP projects. But insiders say that the program was held up because DOE’s Office of Fusion Energy Sciences objected to another DOE agency spending money on fusion when it was struggling to meet its commitments to ITER and other projects.“I am delighted that ARPA-E has chosen to look for a fusion approach that might offer a lower cost development path than the traditional magnetic and inertial fusion approaches,” says Stephen Dean, director of the Gaithersburg, Maryland–based educational foundation Fusion Power Associates. “By choosing to focus on plasma fuel densities intermediate between the lower density tokamaks and the very high density laser approaches, they have laid claim to a regime that has been largely ignored by the large government-funded programs.”*Update, 15 August, 11:08 a.m.: This article has been updated to include a statement from Fusion Power Associates’ Stephen Dean.
In the course of 20 years of hiking, Michael O’Shea, a physicist at Kansas State University, Manhattan, noticed something rather peculiar: Smaller individuals often seemed better able to carry a heavy pack than larger ones of equal fitness. Not only was his observation counterintuitive, but it also flew in the face of traditional backpacking dogma, which prescribes that a pack’s weight be proportional to the hiker’s weight. But this seemingly logical premise failed to take into account a key variable: Bigger people must carry their own weight as well. Sure, an elephant can uproot a tree, but anyone who has ever watched an ant pick up a potato chip can attest to the fact that smaller animals have the highest strength-to-weight ratios. According to O’Shea’s model, published today in The Physics Teacher, it’s that ratio that allows lighter hikers to carry heavier packs. A larger human may be able to carry more weight in total thanks to their increased muscle mass, but the extra power from those big muscles isn’t worth their added weight. According to the model, a 22-kg pack for a 50-kg hiker will feel like a 15-kg pack for a 110-kg hiker.
A day before counting of votes polled in the general elections and the announcement of results, senior Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) MLA from Beed and former minister Jaydutta Kshirsagar on Wednesday joined Shiv Sena in the presence of president Uddhav Thackeray at Sena Bhavan. Mr. Kshirsagar was a minister of Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) in the previous Congress-NCP government.“I had decided to quit NCP long back. I worked tirelessly for the growth of NCP in Beed, but leaders from that party blocked me and tried to stop me from working,” said Mr. Kshirsagar. The former minister added that he felt insulted within the NCP and even his workers were asking about his next move. “One can tolerate insult only up to a point, it had reached the peak in my case,” he said. Mr. Kshirsagar is said to be unhappy over the importance given to Leader of Opposition in the Council Dhananjay Munde within the NCP and his nephew Sandip Kshirsagar, who is likely to be the party’s new face in Beed Assembly constituency. The former NCP minister had campaigned for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate from Beed Lok Sabha constituency Preetam Munde and had also met Sena president Uddhav Thackeray in Mumbai. Since then, speculations were rife about his quitting the NCP and joining Sena. “You will never regret the decision to join Sena. The popularity of the Sena is growing and large number of committed workers are coming to the party. Till today, the Sena never attempted to make inroads at Beed, but now that you are here, you can work as per your wishes for the growth of the party,” Mr. Thackeray reportedly told Mr. Kshirsagar.Meanwhile, NCP’s chief spokesperson Nawab Malik said Mr. Kshirsagar had mentally left the party long ago and had continued to remain a member formally only to save his position as MLA.“Kshirsagar quitting the NCP will not have any bearing on the party’s prospects,” Mr. Malik said.Mocking the decision, Mr. Munde said, “He deliberately chose this day. After the scale with which NCP will win Beed, the Sena would not have allowed him to join later,” he said.