35 Photos #ScienceGoalsAll three of ISRO’s robotic explorers have different lifespans and will be looking to achieve key science goals in their limited time exploring the moon. Chief among these goals is the ability to understand the composition of the moon, allowing for a deeper understanding of its origin and its evolution.There are 12 payloads on board, with five on both the orbiter and lander and two on the rover. The lander will only operate for a single lunar day (two weeks on Earth). NASA is also hitching a ride on the lunar lander with a laser retroreflector, a device that can help measure the distance between the Earth and Moon.The orbiter will operate for a year in a circular orbit around the poles and carries radar and spectrometers that will enable study of the moon’s surface and exosphere. Predominantly, these instruments should enable a greater understanding of the moon’s water ice deposits. A mapping camera will also provide a 3D map of the terrain.The Pragyan rover, powered by the sun and AI, will cross the lunar surface at the blistering pace of 1 centimeter per second carrying instruments that can assess the molecules present on the moon. Share your voice Comments The GSLV-MkIII launches from Sriharikota in 2017. For the Chandrayaan-2 mission, it will launch a suite of robots to the moon’s south pole. Arun Sanker/AFP/Getty Images India’s exploration mission to the moon shot off to a successful start early Monday. The Chandrayaan-2 mission, aiming to put robots at the lunar south pole for the first time, suffered several delays leading up to lift-off, but finally went off without a hitch. It was originally scheduled for July 14 but the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) postponed the departure less than an hour before launch due to a “technical snag.” The landmark mission departed from India’s Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, north of Chennai, at 2:43 a.m. PT (5:43 a.m. ET), Monday July 22. Unlike the Apollo 11 mission, which celebrates its 50th anniversary this week, India’s mission doesn’t involve human astronauts. Rather, Chandrayaan-2 is carrying three lunar exploration robots that will be able to survey the moon from both the surface and the sky.The payload of Chandrayaan-2 consists of a lunar orbiter, a lunar lander and a lunar rover and will be launched atop the ISRO-developed GSLV Mk-III rocket. That rocket is about half as powerful as the SpaceX Falcon 9 and will put Chandrayaan-2 into what’s known as an “Earth parking orbit” before the module uses its own power to extend that orbit and eventually position itself for a lunar rendezvous.How to watch the Chandrayaan-2 launchDon’t worry if you didn’t manage to tune in to watch the historic launch live — replays are available. ISRO handled livestreaming duties across its social media pages, which means you can relive the event at the ISRO Twitter or check out the agency’s Facebook page. The agency’s YouTube channel also covered the event. Indian public broadcaster Doordarshan broadcast the launch live and you can watch that stream below (lift-off happens around 38 minutes in): Tags Why is this mission called Chandrayaan-2?This is the sequel to Chandrayaan-1, an ISRO mission that launched 11 years ago featuring only a lunar orbiter. That orbiter reached the moon on Nov. 8, 2008, and then fired an impacter that struck the south pole. The material ejected from below the surface allowed ISRO to detect lunar water ice — a valuable resource that could enable future exploration. Chandrayaan-2 will look to build on this monumental discovery from the ground.When will Chandrayaan-2 reach the moon?Provided Chandrayaan-2 launches on time, it’s expected to reach the moon on Sept. 6, 2019. If it can achieve the difficult feat of landing on the surface, India will become just the fourth nation to complete a soft landing in history, following the US, Russia and China, which has the Chang’e 4 rover operating on the far side of the moon.The lander and rover are headed for the lunar south pole, exploring a scientifically important region that has been shown to contain water ice. The lunar lander, known as Vikram, and a rover, known as Pragyan, will set up shop in the south, unlike any previous mission to the moon. The proposed landing spot is between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N.A video of all the moon landing sites — and Chandrayaan-2’s proposed finishing spot — is below: Apollo 11 moon landing: Neil Armstrong’s defining moment Published July 10Update, July 14: ISRO announce launch called offUpdate, July 18: ISRO announce new launch dateUpdate, July 22: ISRO livestreaming details for second attemptUpdate, July 22: Added details of successful lift-off Sci-Tech 2 Space
Shareholders of companies that declare handsome dividends seem to care less for their share of profits. Take for instance, Infosys, the second-largest Indian IT services exporter, which has been consistent in paying huge dividends over the past few years. But the money somehow does not reach some shareholders, resulting in the same being deposited in an investor protection account.Read: Infosys share buyback likely; a look at its bonus history, capital structureIn three financial years (2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16), Infosys transferred about Rs 65 lakh to the Investor Education and Education Fund (IEPF). The transfer in 2015-16 was a phenomenal Rs 40.98 lakh, almost three to four times in comparison to previous years, according to the company’s FY2016 annual report.Not only that, the company transferred Rs 17.76 lakh in July 2016 followed by Rs 28.87 lakh in November. The amounts pertain to dividend declared in FY2010 (interim and final). Similarly, unclaimed dividend of Rs 28.87 lakh and Rs 21.39 lakh is due for transfer to the IEPF in November 2017 and July 2018, respectively.The company has a track record of huge dividend payments — Rs 25 per share in FY2010; Rs 60 in FY2011; Rs 47 in FY2012; Rs 42 in FY2013; Rs 63 in FY2014 and Rs 59.50 in FY2015 (the amounts include both interim and final dividend).Section 124 of the Companies Act, 2013 mandates that dividend lying unclaimed for seven years should be transferred to the IEPF. TCS India’s largest IT services exporter Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) disclosed in its FY2016 annual report that unclaimed dividends of Rs 21.11 crore were lying in its accounts as of March 31, 2016, up from Rs 19.77 crore as of March 31, 2015. WiproIn 2015-16, the Bengaluru-based, Azim Premji-led company transferred Rs 50.94 lakh in unclaimed dividend to the IEPF pertaining to the financial year 2007-08.Infosys share closed at Rs 1,009 apiece on Thursday on the BSE, Wipro ended at 485 and TCS at Rs 2,481. Stock markets in India are closed on Friday on account of Maha Shivratri and will open next Monday.On Thursday, the BSE Information Technology index outperformed the Sensex, gaining 1.70 percent while the Sensex closed 0.10 percent higher at 28,893.
People protesting against US President Donald Trump gather near the Tree of Life Congregation on 30 October in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Photo: AFPUS president Donald Trump visited Tuesday the Pittsburgh synagogue where 11 people were gunned down at the weekend in an anti-Semitic attack, as more than 1,500 protesters gathered nearby to make it clear the US president was unwelcome.Carrying signs that read “President Hate, Leave Our State!” and “Trump, Renounce White Nationalism Now,” the protesters gathered near the Tree of Life synagogue where the carnage unfolded Saturday.Trump — accompanied by his wife Melania, arrived in the late afternoon, and placed a white flower and a small stone on each star erected in memory of the dead at a makeshift memorial outside the Tree of Life.Trump’s daughter Ivanka and her husband Jared Kushner, who are Jewish, followed at a short distance, also pausing at each star.The first couple then entered the synagogue and lit candles in honour of each of those killed, the occasion punctuated by the still audible cries of protesters outside.The controversial visit came after mourners crowded into nearby synagogues and joined street processions at the first funerals for some of the victims of the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in modern US history.The service for brothers Cecil and David Rosenthal, both in their 50s, was the first in honor of those killed in what was an apparent hate crime.Services for 66-year-old doctor Jerry Rabinowitz and 71-year-old Daniel Stein followed in Pittsburgh, where scores of residents protested Trump’s visit.The president’s trip to Pennsylvania came amid a mounting row over whether his fierce rhetoric at campaign rallies and on Twitter has helped stoke extremism ahead of next week’s midterm elections.”It’s just enraging that this type of hate crime could occur here and that the leadership of our country does not denounce anti-Semitism and does not denounce white nationalism and does not denounce neo-Nazism,” mourner Joanna Izenson told AFP.Suspect Robert Bowers is facing more than two dozen charges related to the bloodshed at the Tree of Life, which is located in the city’s traditionally Jewish Squirrel Hill neighbourhood.The 46-six-year-old reportedly told police after his capture, “I just want to kill Jews,” having claimed on social media that Jews were helping transport caravans of refugees from Central America into the United States, calling the migrants “invaders.”The caravans are a favourite target of the president, and he has called a group of several thousand impoverished mainly Honduran migrants currently attempting to walk north to the United States “an invasion.”Beautiful tributeFriends and strangers alike packed the Rodef Shalom temple, a 25-minute walk from the Tree of Life, for the Rosenthals’ funeral, which took place under tight security.After the service, mourners spilled out onto the street, some of them sobbing and clasping each other.The brothers’ caskets were placed in two hearses and driven away, with a sheriff’s car leading the procession.”It was tragic, it was sad — it was a beautiful tribute to two wonderful, loving, innocent men,” said Paul Taylor, a Catholic priest who attended the service, which he said was “standing room only.”Another mourner, a retired teacher who only gave her first name Nancy, said: “I was finally able to cry.”Nearby, dozens of mourners walked behind the hearse carrying the remains of Rabinowitz in Squirrel Hill, according to footage posted on social media.Meanwhile, protesters gathered near the Tree of Life synagogue to vent their anger.”President Trump, you are not welcome in Pittsburgh until you fully renounce white nationalism.”Jeffrey Myers, a rabbi who was present when the attack started, told CNN: “The president of the United States is always welcome.”But protesters disagreed.”I think it’s more divisive than uniting,” 57-year-old librarian Nonie Heystek said of Trump’s visit.Christian rabbiThe Pittsburgh shooting spree came in the same week that authorities arrested an ardent Trump supporter from Florida on suspicion of mailing more than a dozen homemade bombs to opponents and critics of the president.The incidents have led to accusations that Trump has fanned violence through almost daily tweets and speeches lambasting illegal immigrants, political opponents and journalists in divisive language.Trump has struck back in typical fashion, arguing that critical journalists were in fact the ones feeding extremism across the country.Trump’s Pittsburgh visit is not the only element of the administration’s response to the massacre that has been a source of controversy.On Monday, vice president Mike Pence attended a campaign rally in Michigan at which a so-called “Christian rabbi” was invited to speak on behalf of the area’s Jewish community.Instead of opening with prayers for the 11 victims of the Tree of Life shooting, Loren Jacobs praised Jesus Christ and then offered prayers for four Republican candidates.Jews expressed outrage over social media, describing Jacobs’ appearance as an “insulting political stunt” and blasting Pence as a “Christian supremacist.”
Art scene is certainly looking up in Noida and one can say this with conviction considering the kind of art shows that are taking place in this NCR region. Artists from all over the country and around the world are flocking to showcase their works in the month-long show titled Moments Preserved. The group art show by fourteen artists has given space to promising and established artists.Some of the senior artists worth mentioning are Sher Singh Kukkal, Premila Singh, Sangeeta Singh and Chitra Singh. Garima Singh, Shivani Sharma, Geetika Singh Pathania, Meenakshi, Nishi Nitya, Pooja S.I. and Watinungsang Longkumer Some of the senior artists like Premila Singh have immortalised ? the time they spent in South Africa, in their art works. There is a distinct flavour of South African terrain and the sapphire skies. Then there is Garima Singh, who lived in Australia, and portrays an obvious influence of Australian folk and tribal art in her paintings depicting a wide range of flowers and fauna. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’To keep the art scene enthused? the show was inaugurated at Art Life Gallery in Noida on Friday, November 21, by renowned entrepreneur and educationist Sushma Paul Berlia, who is ?also a patron of art. The show is on till December 22, and there are around 100 paintings on display. These include watercolour, acrylic, multimedia and charcoal on paper. The primary aim of holding such shows is to promote art in Noida, which needs to develop as an art hub. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixMost of the artists feel that the satellite town has failed to promote art due to lack of support from the authorities and public alike. “An artist lives in moments and for him, every painting is a milestone in his journey of art,” says Pratibha Agarwal, co-promoter of the gallery. She says, “We are trying to make this journey easier by encouraging upcoming artists and honoring the established ones. Noida has a conspicuous lack of art galleries and artists actually do not feel at home in the absence of art lovers.” Sushma Berlia, who owns a gallery in Jalandhar agreed that every small city needs galleries which promote promising artist. “They need a platform to showcase their talent and galleries like Art Life go a long way in bringing their talent to the fore” said Berlia. When: On till December 22Where: Art Life Gallery, Noida