Freshwater fluxes in the Weddell Gyre: results from δ18O

first_imgFull-depth measurements of δ18O from 2008 to 2010 enclosing the Weddell Gyre in the Southern Ocean are used to investigate the regional freshwater budget. Using complementary salinity, nutrients and oxygen data, a four-component mass balance was applied to quantify the relative contributions of meteoric water (precipitation/glacial input), sea-ice melt and saline (oceanic) sources. Combination of freshwater fractions with velocity fields derived from a box inverse analysis enabled the estimation of gyre-scale budgets of both freshwater types, with deep water exports found to dominate the budget. Surface net sea-ice melt and meteoric contributions reach 1.8% and 3.2%, respectively, influenced by the summer sampling period, and −1.7% and +1.7% at depth, indicative of a dominance of sea-ice production over melt and a sizable contribution of shelf waters to deep water mass formation. A net meteoric water export of approximately 37 mSv is determined, commensurate with local estimates of ice sheet outflow and precipitation, and the Weddell Gyre is estimated to be a region of net sea-ice production. These results constitute the first synoptic benchmarking of sea-ice and meteoric exports from the Weddell Gyre, against which future change associated with an accelerating hydrological cycle, ocean climate change and evolving Antarctic glacial mass balance can be determined.last_img read more

‘Shadow Divers’ Author to Speak Nov. 9 in ‘OC Reads’ Program

first_img“Shadow Divers” is the first book chosen for “OC Reads,” a new program promoted by the Ocean City Free Public Library, and the author, Robert Kurson, will appear for a reading and book-signing at 2 p.m. Sunday (Nov. 9) in the library’s Chris Maloney Lecture Hall.The event is free and open to the public.“OC Reads” is designed to bring people together through literature by encouraging them to read the same book and participate in discussions and other events centered on that book. “OC Reads” celebrates reading, literacy, and all that public libraries do.Kurson is an American author, best known for his 2004 book “Shadow Divers,” the true story of two Americans who discover a sunken World War II German U-boat 60 miles off the coast of New Jersey. In the tradition of Jon Krakauer’s “Into Thin Air” and Sebastian Junger’s “The Perfect Storm,” “Shadow Divers” is a true tale of riveting adventure in which two weekend scuba divers risk everything to solve a great historical mystery and to make history themselves.For men like John Chatterton and Richie Kohler, deep wreck diving was more than a sport. It was an addiction. Testing themselves against treacherous currents, braving depths that induced hallucinatory narcosis, navigating through wreckage as perilous as a minefield, they pushed themselves to their limits and beyond. But in the fall of 1991, not even these courageous divers were prepared for what lay 230 feet below the frigid Atlantic waters.Kurson grew up in the Chicago suburbs. He earned a bachelor’s degree in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin, then a law degree from Harvard Law School. He practiced real estate law, but quit to pursue a writing career. He was hired by the Chicago Sun-Times as a data entry clerk, a position which led to a full-time features writing job. In 2000, Esquire published “My Favorite Teacher,” his first magazine story, which became a finalist for a National Magazine Award.He moved from the Sun-Times to Chicago magazine, then to Esquire, where he is a contributing editor. His stories have appeared in Rolling Stone, The New York Times Magazine, and other publications. He lives in the Chicago suburbs. Shadow Divers is available through the library and for purchase at Sun Rose Words & Music, 756 Asbury Avenue and the Ocean City Historical Museum. For more info, call Karen Mahar at 609-399-2434, ext. 5238, or email [email protected]last_img read more

News story: Veterinary medicines – information about market access during the implementation period following EU exit

first_imgThe joint guidance published on 6 August outlines what it would mean for market access for medicines during the implementation period, including; licensing and packaging, batch release and testing, and the UK regulatory role.It also covers other points relating to medicines and implementation plans related to EU legislation during the implementation period.last_img

Bakery student numbers: the college report

first_imgAs a new academic year of bakery qualifications starts, bakery colleges are reporting an increase in the number of enrolments, with some courses at capacity.Media coverage on the industry and celebrity bakers have been touted as reasons behind the boost in numbers. It has also resulted in a number of colleges offering a range of short courses for the first time, to cater for demand from both professional and hobby bakers.Leicester College has seen student numbers increase 300% on its Level 2 (L2) Bakery course, since last year, from seven to 24. The college said last year was the first it had run L2 Bakery on-site, after a four-year break. Claire Willis, curriculum area manager hospitality and leisure, said she felt the change was due to the course having another year of advertising, and also the increased public interest in bread due to recent television coverage.University College Birmingham (UCB) said it has had around 100 enrolments so far on its full-time L1 Bakery course, 50 on L2 and 20 on L3, with more still to come. It is also expected around 60 students for its part-time cake decoration and sugar flowers courses.Dawn Gemmell, head of bakery at UCB, said: “Recruitment to our full-time bakery courses has grown at an incredible rate over the past few years. School-leavers are seeing the industry as an exciting and viable career option and, without doubt, the profile of bakery as a craft on different TV programmes has helped raise awareness amongst young people. Alongside mainstream bakeries there is also more profile of things like cupcake businesses and artisan bakery, which has helped to show how varied a career in the industry can be”.Meanwhile, Lorna Jones, divisional leader of food studies at Tameside College, said the college had seen a healthy amount of interest in its bakery courses, with around 64 full-time bakery students. It also has around 65 cake decoration students and 24 patisserie students enrolled for the coming year. While the intake on bakery is not a big increase on 2011 (60 students), Jones explained that, a couple of years ago, the numbers were between the 40-50 mark. “We also have raft of short courses, that we’re offering for the first time this year.” The courses, which run for six to eight weeks, include bread-making and wired sugar flowers. “We’ve seen a lot of interest in them, and we’re almost full for the whole academic year,” said Jones. “We even have a waiting list for cake decoration.”Sheffield College has 60 bakery students signed up for this year, over its full-time (f/t) L1, L2 and part-time (p/t) L1 courses. The college said it has seen a steady increase in numbers of recent years, and is now at capacity.Lynn Sale, head of department for catering and hospitality, said: “We believe the growing interest in the popular culture of traditional cooking skills and techniques has helped to encourage people to seek courses such as bakery.”Meanwhile, a spokesperson for London South Bank University said it had already increased its allocation for the September 2012 intake, on higher education courses at the National Bakery School, due to high demand.Sue Haskell, lecturer in bakery and cake decoration, Brooklands College, said cake decoration was very popular at the moment. “We’re also now offering lots of short courses, because of the interest in things like cupcakes. We may also do a short course in bakery, but that wouldn’t be till later in the year,” she explained. Haskell said its bakery course didn’t run last year as there wasn’t enough interest, but she said that, due to the National Bakery School not offering further education courses from September – but instead focusing on higher education, Brooklands had had a lot of enquiries from people who would have gone there.Haskell said she couldn’t give exact enrolment figures for the ABC and L1, L2 and L3 Cake Decoration courses it offers, until nearer the course start date later in September, but said numbers were “looking very promising”. She said the was a “definite buzz” about bakery, and felt that programmes like The Great British Bake Off had inspired some people to take up these courses.Blackpool & The Fylde College said it had also noticed a slight increase in students enrolling on its bakery and patisserie course, mainly due to more adult learners enrolling onto L2 Bakery. Gary Inman, assessor instructor for bakery, said he put it down to a number of factors, including the fact that adults are choosing to try a new trade due to redundancies – “food is less affected by the recession as people always need to eat”. He also believed programmes such as The Great British Bake Off have helped. “Household names have been limited to chefs over recent years, but that’s changing now.”last_img read more

Proxima b: Second Habitable Earth Discovered Near Proxima Centauri

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Forget rocketing like Han, Chewy or Captain Kirk to the outer depths of the universe in search of friendly life forms. In a landmark discovery by the European Southern Observatory announced Wednesday, otherworldly extraterrestrial life could be chilling right around the cosmos from Earth.An Earth-like exoplanet named Proxima b exists within the so-called “habitable zone,” orbits the closest star to our solar system, Proxima Centauri, and may support water and life! According to the European Southern Observatory (ESO)—the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organization in Europe—astronomers using their telescopes have found “clear evidence of a planet orbiting the closest star to Earth.”“The long-sought world, designated Proxima b, orbits its cool red parent star every 11 days and has a temperature suitable for liquid water to exist on its surface,” continues the historic announcement. “This rocky world is a little more massive than the Earth and is the closest exoplanet to us—and it may also be the closest possible abode for life outside the Solar System.”Proxima Centauri, the space agency explains, is a red dwarf star just four light years away from our solar system, and the closest star to Earth apart from the sun. Although way too faint to be seen with the unaided eye, a team of astronomers monitored it much of this year using HARPS spectrograph on the ESO’s 3.6-metre telescope at its La Silla observation site—one of three such locations in Chile. Dubbed the “Pale Red Dot” campaign and led by astronomer Guillem Anglada-Escude from Queen Mary University of London, they focused their attention on the ever-so-slight “wobble” of the star that would indicate the gravitational pull of an orbiting planet.“The first hints of a possible planet were spotted back in 2013, but the detection was not convincing,” explained Anglada-Escude. “Since then, we have worked hard to get further observations off the ground with help from ESO and others.“The recent Pale Red Dot campaign has been about two years in the planning,” he continued.When “Pale Red Dot” data was combined with observations from earlier ESO and other observations, the agency’s announcement explains, it yielded a phenomenal revelation: A planet was revolving around Proxima Centauri with a mass “at least 1.3 times that of the Earth, orbiting about 7 million kilometres…only 5 percent of the Earth-Sun distance,” ESO’s announcement continues.Anglada-Escude was relentless in his pursuit of the Earth-like realm.“I kept checking the consistency of the signal every single day during the 60 nights of the Pale Red Dot campaign,” he told media outlets. “The first 10 were promising, the first 20 were consistent with expectations, and at 30 days the result was pretty much definitive, so we started drafting the paper!”Related: “Sonic Boom, Earthquake, Government Cover-Up, Meteor, Or Something More Sinister?“Though Proxima b has a much closer orbit to Proxima Centauri than Mercury does to our Sun, its star is much fainter, ESO’s announcement says, therefore, this new world lies “well within the habitable zone around the star and has an estimated surface temperature that would allow the presence of liquid water.”Main Photo: An artist’s rendition of the extraterrestrial landscape of Proxima b, an Earth-like world recently discovered by the European Southern Observatory, orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our solar system. (Art: European Southern Observatory)last_img read more

On the front line

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

Trump’s media pugilist Kellyanne Conway steps down

first_imgKellyanne Conway, a long-serving advisor to President Donald Trump known for sparring with reporters, announced Sunday she will step down to focus on her family.Conway, 53, has been at Trump’s side since day one, managing his 2016 campaign that catapulted the reality TV star into the world’s most powerful office.But the past four years of singular loyalty to Trump, including defending him on TV and with informal “gaggles” with the press, have taken a toll. Topics : Her husband, prominent Washington lawyer George Conway, is one of Twitter’s most prolific Trump critics, repeatedly and loudly questioning the president’s mental fitness for office.Also, Conway’s 15-year-old daughter Claudia wrote on Twitter Saturday that she was “devastated” that her mother would speak at the Republican convention, and pledged to seek legal emancipation “due to years of childhood trauma and abuse”.Less than 24 hours later, Kellyanne Conway tweeted a statement that closes by saying: “For now, and for my beloved children, it will be less drama, more mama”.Conway said she would step down by the end of the month and that her husband George would also be making some changes.center_img “We disagree about plenty but we are united on what matters most: the kids,” she wrote.Conway has become both famous and notorious for sparring with the media, often by finding a way to change the topic, turn the question back on the reporter, or merely complain.All of which did with a flamboyant fashion sense — snake-skin pattern dress one day, a bright red one the next — standing out in an often-gray city.Her work led her at one point to be depicted on the long-running US comedy show Saturday Night Live as “Kellywise”, a spoof of the murderous, sewer-dwelling clown from horror novel and film “It”.Conway also stuck out her White House role while a parade of other aides were forced out, quit or left in humiliation.Conway, a lawyer and pollster by training, said her departure was her call.”This is completely my choice and my voice. In time, I will announce future plans.”last_img read more

‘He wanted to prove everybody wrong’: Tony Adams hails Arsenal’s David Luiz for defiant display against Man City

first_imgArteta has led his side to the FA Cup final in his first season (Picture: Getty Images)‘If there was a crowd in the audience, I don’t know if that’s helped him or not, I’m thinking it may have helped him because in recent weeks I think the Arsenal crowd would have been really on his back and I don’t know how he would’ve reacted with that, but he certainly reacted for me so well. ‘For this game in particular I just thought he was awesome and I’m going to be shouting from the top of the world that he was outstanding, good performance.’More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalSpeaking after the game, Luiz responded to his many critics with a defiant message.‘[There was] a lot of criticism of me, you can say that,’ he told BT Sport.‘It is part of the football, I understood during my career football is about surviving every day you are going to defend your team and other people are going to support their teams it is about surviving.‘It is what I did I was working very hard every day after my mistakes I took the blame I was mature enough to understand that and I was humble to do that for the team.’MORE: Arsenal legend Ian Wright picks out six star performers after sensational Man City winMORE: Robin van Persie picks out ‘absolutely fantastic’ David Luiz as Arsenal stun Man City in FA Cup semi-finalFollow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Comment Advertisement Metro Sport ReporterSunday 19 Jul 2020 8:22 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link1.8kShares ‘He wanted to prove everybody wrong’: Tony Adams hails Arsenal’s David Luiz for defiant display against Man City Luiz showcased the best parts of his game against City (Picture: Getty Images)Tony Adams has heaped praise on the ‘absolutely phenomenal’ performance of David Luiz after Arsenal’s shock 2-0 FA Cup semi-final win against Manchester City.The Gunners churned out a dogged display against City, with captain Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang scoring twice to seal the north London club’s place in the final.Brazilian defender Luiz has come under fire for recent high-profile errors, but was one of Mikel Arteta’s side’s top performers at Wembley on Saturday evening.And Arsenal legend Adams – who admitted earlier this week that he would ‘struggle’ to play alongside the centre-back – singled out Luiz’s resurgent display.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT‘David Luiz was absolutely phenomenal and I’ve been very critical of him recently and I think a lot of people have been,’ Adams told Stadium Astro.‘So, give credit where credits due, he had the bit between his teeth. He wanted to prove everybody wrong. Advertisementlast_img read more

​Folksam calls on Swedish government to level tax playing field for IORP II

first_imgThe head of pensions and insurance group Folksam has pleaded with the Swedish government to close gaping tax inequalities between mutual providers and public limited firms under the new IORP II regime.In an open letter to Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson, Folksam’s chief executive officer Ylva Wessén, wrote: “For Folksam and our customers, who are also owners, it is important to make such an adjustment to the tax legislation, which may be considered to be of limited scope, as soon as possible.”Mutual pension firms are being put at a competitive disadvantage to those providers incorporated as public limited companies here, according to Folksam, which manages SEK454bn (€43bn) of largely pension assets.At issue is that tax legislation to create the conditions customer-owned companies need, has not been adapted for the new law on occupational pension companies (2019:742), which was passed in November, the firm said. Folksam lauded the pensions legislation itself, which puts the EU’s IORP II directive into the domestic rulebook, saying the law would “ensure adequate protection for current and future pensioners and the effective management of occupational pensions for millions of occupational pension savers”.But in order to come under the scope of the new IORP II law, occupational pension providers must convert their pensions business into a separate occupational pension company, which Folksam said involves transferring pension assets internally – a move which under current law would incur taxes.Wessén said the missing adjustment to tax legislation meant that “customer-owned occupational pension companies, and thus the customers, risk unjustified tax collection,” adding that limited companies were not correspondingly affected.“The tax effects for customer-owned companies can amount to at least a few hundred million and at most a billion kronor,” she said. A billion Swedish kronor currently equates to around €100m.As a result of these tax effects, a large number of pension savers were excluded from the new IORP II law and therefore lost the benefit of the new legislation, Wessén said.Although the Swedish parliament passed the IORP II legislation late last year, the move had been rushed partly to avoid penalties from the EU for further delay.However, the political debate around the suitability of the directive in the domestic pension system has continued in Sweden, and a raft of amendments to the act are now underway, and scheduled to come into force in December.Looking for IPE’s latest magazine? Read the digital edition here.last_img read more

News presenter Sharyn Ghidella shares why she loves living in Brisbane western suburbs

first_imgNews presenter Sharyn Ghidella (AAP Image/Claudia Baxter) Channel 7 news presenter Sharyn Ghidella and ambassador for The Allison Baden-Clay Foundation loves living in Brisbane’s western suburbs, watching the area evolve. What was the best piece of property advice you were given? If money was no option, what would be your fantasy home and where? As someone who is not good at throwing things out, I really would like more room. I always feel like I’m tripping over things and with two boys under the age of 13, I usually am. A bigger back yard would be nice. Growing up in a small country town makes you crave space. Buy the worst house in the best street. Our first home was a knockdown. The doors used to fall off the hinges, the paint peeled off the walls and there was even a substantial hole in the kitchen floor covered over with carpet. We lived there for seven years before we renovated. By the time we sold it 12 years later, if had certainly appreciated in value. Roughing it for so long paid off. What would you change about your home? Sharyn Ghidella’s dream home would be in Lake Como, not just because George Clooney resides there. What do you love about your home? center_img A waterfront villa at Lake Como in Italy would be nice, and not because George Clooney lives there. I visited the area for the first time last year and fell in love with the beauty of the lake and the quaint way of living. It would not be difficult to feel at home there. Better go buy that Lottery ticket. Where do you live and why? Our home is airy and lets in a lot of light, which makes it welcoming and a joy to stay in. We have a timber deck at the rear with district views. I love watching the sunset over the houses. Every day is different and with plenty of renovations and construction going on in the neighbourhood, it’s interesting to watch the suburb evolve. The inner western suburbs of Brisbane have long been home for me. There is such a lovely community feel here and it’s leafy, close to the city with great parks and schools. It’s also close to the 7 News Studios on Mount Coot-tha, which given the unpredictability of my line of work, can be advantageous. What is the best thing about your suburb? More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus9 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market9 hours agoIt’s a welcoming neighbourhood, with a great sense of community. It also has a wonderful local village only a short walk away, which makes it easy to pick up essentials or catch up with friends.last_img read more